Tech: The US spends less than one penny on gun violence research for every person shot dead in America — and that's intentional - CAMPUS94


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Monday, 5 March 2018

Tech: The US spends less than one penny on gun violence research for every person shot dead in America — and that's intentional

Montgomery County, Maryland students demonstrate in front of the White House in Washington DC on February 21, 2018.

A new report on gun violence in America from the Rand Corporation suggests there's simply not enough scientific evidence about how to deal with guns. See why.

  • The US spends less money on gun violence research than it does on virtually any other leading cause of death in America.
  • New research suggests that's having a crippling effect: policy makers don't have enough evidence about what works when it comes to gun control.
  • The only thing researchers can say with much confidence is that safe gun storage laws keep more children alive.

Restricting gun sales to shoppers who are under 21. Arming teachers. Banning bump stocks.

Politicians and corporations from the White House to Walmart are scrambling to make new moves to curb extraordinarily high levels of deadly gun violence in the US after the recent mass shooting in Florida where 17 people were killed.

The gun control problem in America goes beyond high-profile mass shootings: those only account for about one half of one percent of annual gun deaths in the US, a new study from the non-partisan Rand Corporation estimates. Yet over the course of a lifetime, your odds of being murdered by someone with a gun in the US are strikingly high: about 1 in 315. That means you're more likely to get shot and die in America than you are to get killed riding in a car, van or truck, or even choking on food.

One reason it's tough for Americans to decide exactly what to do about the country's gun crisis boils down to a simple, scientific truth: it's impossible to know what works if you don't study it.

Non-partisan researchers at the Rand Corporation spent two years poring over the available data on gun policies in the US, trying to uncover new evidence on what constitutes effective gun legislation. They looked at thousands of studies, attempting to evaluate how well 13 different gun policies including background checks, conceal carry laws, and minimum age requirements for gun ownership have worked.

But they had trouble coming up with any science-backed, evidence-based strategies that might help reduce violent gun death rates in the US. Background checks might decrease suicide rates, but the evidence isn't clear. Conceal-carry laws may increase violent crime, but the researchers can't say that with certainty.

All the researchers could say for sure was that rules requiring people to keep their guns locked and safely out of the hands of children help reduce firearm self-injuries in kids, including suicides and other deaths. But when it comes to determining whether or not the same holds true for adults, the researchers didn't have enough evidence to say conclusively one way or the other.

Why don't we collect enough data on gun violence?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) used to collect data on gun ownership and use on a state-by-state level. But the Dickey Amendment, pushed by the National Rifle Association (NRA) and passed by Congress in 1996, essentially zeroed-out the CDC's gun violence research budget. It also now forbids the CDC from "advocating or promoting gun control."

Since 2003, when the Tiahrt Amendment was passed, the US Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) has also been barred from releasing any gun trace data it collects. That would be invaluable information for researchers studying how criminals buy their weapons, and how guns travel across state lines. The NRA claims that Tiahrt protects gun dealers from lawsuits, but mayors and police departments who are trying to crack down on illegal guns want the amendment scrapped.

Here's how much money the US spends studying gun violence in America today, compared to other leading causes of death in the country:

"Collecting more and stronger evidence about the true effects of laws is a necessary and promising step toward building greater consensus around effective gun policy." Rand project lead and behavioral scientist Andrew Morral said in a statement.

To that end, the Rand team is now pressing the federal government to spend more cash on gun control research, hoping that politicians will take the opportunity to reverse decades of Congressional bans that leave scientists in the dark.

posted by Campus94

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